5.3

HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS

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Fermat numbers:

       ådbѪRXWإ߰¦u{ɭԡA@줣ӮtkHh]`N۳oƱCNOPͭѨӡAB۩ĪO(Pierre FermatA1601-1665)C

       OXkꪺ@ӥ֭ӤHaxCѩaҴIΡA˯SNLФFӮaxЮvAJǮզӦba̱tαШ|Cpɫ᪺O٤WOAo]۷oCOˤ}qAädRĤlA]ODzߤQVOABz쳣DZotALAL̳w\ҡA٬OƾǡC

       O䨭ۦnAäVVWQA]AɤŶClɶAL`ݨǥjѡAרRŪjþƾǦWۡCLɧ@DءAöiƾǬsAPɪƾǦWaApڴdBådB쨽HqHAy߱o|C

       Fu@~AO ɪ𶢴NOŪƾǡCCšAL`|ѩAʶRƾǪyۦ\ŪCӥBACݨmBΪ̤߲zһ⮩o{ɡA |bѥtBgUۤv߱oC褸 1629~AO\N褸e210~ƾǮaiù (ApolloniusA2lO BC)j@XG@uAszFXӡAåB浹Fa@ǼƾǮaAХL̹~}Aja@PӤɳoӸgPGCPɡAObŪNƾǤjvШfگS(DiophantusA25O AD)N쥻ɡAoXF@嬰jHo{ALoo{ObѥtťճB:

ɡASDs AiH{ C

 @Oh@DLlSamnuel 1670~˪OzXɡA~@HҪCƾǮa̹oӰD@OLAӡAƾǮḁ̯ܱNoӦh~ӡALHѪwz٬AmO̫wz(Fermat's Last Theorem)nCTӦh@HӡAƾǮa̵LɸġAbMO̫TwzҩC~A~ѭ^CjǼƾǮa Andrew Wiles 1993~AҩFO̫wzuʡC1994~Q@AAndrew Wiles nپ֦O̫wzTҩAåBwgo}{ҡCoǦ~ӡAƾǮa̦bҩO̫wzWAҪOVOMһPoGMҡCOAƾǮa̬FM{ѡALNooFu洫z ( commutative ring theory)vAåBXiFNƻPƽ׻쪺AoǦĹƾǪ^mӨAWLFҩO̫wzүݪGC

   ObߪuMuҳ_Ӱϰ쪺ns譱A]n{MìCSOOAbѪRXWmAOiHMNt@kƾǤjvådۮx§C

       jӨAFjBpȪD~AOsIjbƽ (the theory of numbers)譱CiOAFsPXg峹~AOͤ~qSXLۧ@C@HMıoAoγ\OѩAOѥMBߪөʡAɭPO`ıoj@NNsGAHX覡ѩ@C]GAOjsGAObLh@AgѪBͩοˤHzұoC]]A@HjLkoALs׭zзNMФCqOL@AҥXmNn@ѤAڭ̥iHMݨA@ǼƽפWnGA(pO( Fermat numbersA1640))AHζOLn}ݩҰX^mCt@ۧ@mPyA1679nAhwqFuBߪuBOunuCt~AbmvסAtheory of probabilitiesnoWAڭ̱qOPڴdqshӫHA]iHo{@ǸHܡAOPڴd (Blaise PascaIA1623-1662) @Pɦv׾ǤWLaC

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